It goes without saying that the desire to accomplish the task with more confidence to avoid wasting time and labour and to spare our experimental animals as much as possible made us strictly observe all the precautions taken by surgeons in respect to their patients.
But man has still another powerful resource: natural science with its strictly objective methods.
Perfect as the wing of a bird may be it will never enable the bird to fly if unsupported by the air. Facts are the air of science. Without them a man of science can never rise.
Appetite craving for food is a constant and powerful stimulator of the gastric glands.
Edible substances evoke the secretion of thick concentrated saliva. Why? The answer obviously is that this enables the mass of food to pass smoothly through the tube leading from the mouth into the stomach.
From the described experiment it is clear that the mere act of eating the food even not reaching the stomach determines the stimulation of the gastric glands.
It has long been known for sure that the sight of tasty food makes a hungry man’s mouth water also lack of appetite has always been regarded as an undesirable phenomenon from which one might conclude that appetite is essentially linked with the process of digestion.